The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan called for the development of a plan to eliminate nuclear weapons by 2045 Kazakhstan called for the development of a plan for the elimination of nuclear weapons in the world by 2045. Among the reasons, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs names the conflict in Ukraine and mutual threats of this type of weapons alt=”Kazakhstan called for a ban on nuclear weapons because of the conflict in Ukraine” />
The world is now in crisis, the risk of using nuclear weapons is high, and what is happening in Ukraine and mutual threats prompt a ban and elimination nuclear warheads, said Kazakh Foreign Minister Mukhtar Tleuberdi.
“The current military conflict on the territory of Ukraine, talk about the return of nuclear weapons and mutual threats to use nuclear weapons make us, more than ever before, think about the collective vulnerability of humanity and the urgent need to ban and eliminate these deadly weapons,” the minister wrote.
Kazakhstan calls on all countries of the world to develop a phased plan for the complete elimination of nuclear weapons within almost 20 years— by 2045, the centenary of the UN, Tleuberdi said. He pointed out that these agreements could be reflected in the outcome documents of the first conference of the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). The Minister added that earlier UN Secretary General António Guterres indicated that about 13.4 thousand nuclear warheads were dispersed around the world, and the threat of their use became “more real than in the darkest days of the Cold War.”
“The practical contribution of Kazakhstan to nuclear disarmament gives the moral right to continue to call on the peoples and governments to redouble their efforts to rid our planet of the threat of nuclear self-destruction,” — sure Tleuberdi.
The policy of renunciation of nuclear weapons was also publicly supported by the President of Kazakhstan, Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev, in 2019, at the Valdai Forum, he said: “sometimes it’s better not to have nuclear weapons, but to attract more investment in your economy, maintain and develop good relations in the world, which does Kazakhstan in practice. “Saddam Hussein thought so too,” — said Russian President Vladimir Putin, who was present.
The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons entered into force in January 2021, it was signed by 86 countries of the world, ratified by 62. Its participants agreed, in particular, “under what circumstances” not to develop, test, manufacture, stockpile or use nuclear weapons. The first meeting of the countries— of the TPNW is scheduled for June 212-23, the meeting will be held in Vienna.
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Nuclear-armed Russia, Britain, China, the US and France refused to support the initiative. “We share the goal of building a nuclear-free world, but this goal should not be achieved by such one-sided and rather arrogant methods, on which this document is based,” — said Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in November 2019.
“The desire to ban nuclear weapons through a treaty that does not include any of the countries that actually possess nuclear weapons is unlikely to yield any results,” ; explained US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken.
Discussions about the threat of nuclear war intensified after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine in late February. Among other things, Deputy Chairman of the Russian Security Council Dmitry Medvedev pointed to the risk of using this type of weapons in connection with NATO exercises near the borders of Russia and the shipment of Western weapons to Kyiv. Lavrov said that “the danger is serious, it is real”, urging not to underestimate the risk of starting a nuclear war. At the same time, the Kremlin argued that any outcome of the special operation would not be a reason for the use of nuclear weapons.
The White House called for a reduction in rhetoric on the issue of the threat of nuclear war. A similar judgment was expressed in the Pentagon, US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin said that “such rhetoric is dangerous and does not work. Nobody wants a nuclear war that nobody can win. The saber-rattling and dangerous talk obviously do no good.
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